The evening sun shone warmly upon us, as the three of us sat sipping hot tea together in the slightly cold November winds of India’s silicon valley. I had been hotly debating on a plethora of business topics with my partners E and S. (They would like to stay private. Hence, the post will refer to them as E and S). We realized we were falling into an analysis paralysis and decided to break our biases by challenging ourselves.
The challenge – Run an experiment where we had to sell a tangible physical product within 24 hours and generate revenues (and hopefully profits) respectively. The caveat – No easy stuff like food, chocolates, flowers, etc.
Post racking our brains for a good 2 hours, the problem statement we narrowed down upon was to help people surprise their respective partners / friends and give them the opportunity to make memories.
We entered a mall and used the washroom entrance to target people. We felt washrooms were the best way to target a larger set of consumers. And would also be easy since we did not have the necessary permissions to openly sell within the mall!
- While we received prospects, pushing them along the funnel and converting them into buying consumers was ridiculously hard.
- A lack of diversity (women and children) on the team, which would have made our task of approaching female groups and families easier.
Selling in front of the washroom, that too without permissions was exciting. Luckily, we managed to spend sufficient time trying to run our experiment, before being thrown out by the security guards. 😀
Market Product Fit
— Paras Chopra (@paraschopra) August 9, 2019
This time, instead of taking the typical product market fit approach of figuring out a pain point, ideating upon it, building and trying out a solution in the market; we decided to take a diametrically opposed go-to-market product approach. The hypothesis was to target the areas which would have the largest crowd, and figure out what could be sold in massive volumes respectively.
A crazy value proposition
As we wandered around the narrow streets, we stopped by hopelessly near a temple. While S and me took to observing the people walking in and out of the temple, in hopes of coming up with a value proposition through observations; E wandered off to the nearby shops. A good 30 minutes later, E walked up to us and stated that we should be selling ghee (traditional clarified butter) which could be used by people to light up diyas (oil lamps) and place them in the temple respectively.
Our eyes widened, as S and me stared at each other. And then turned to stare at E in utter disbelief. We had a deep feeling that E had truly lost his mind! With nothing to loose except precious time, we very reluctantly decided to jump onto the bandwagon. Backed against the wall, the only worse thing that could have happened was a second failure and pivot to a third pilot.
Someone comes knocking!
A woman noticed us holding the poster, and approached us, curious to know why two people were selling ghee. While she was extremely finicky at first, we did manage to convince her, and ended up making the first sale. It was more of a relief than a celebratory moment. However, nothing had prepared us for the moments that would take place a few minutes later. Since it was our first sale, we had not even estimated the potential growth curve or the preparation required for serving consumers at scale.
The Brian Chesky moment
As we got busy in attempting to turn around our business with a couple of more customers; our first customer returned angrily. She begun pounding us with details on where we were screwing up. In this fit of irritation, she mentioned a festival that happened to be on that particular Saturday.
While my partner pacified the angry consumer, I made mental notes of the various points with a high degree of astonishment. Brian Chesky (the cofounder of Airbnb) had talked about getting his hands dirty to serve his customers one-by-one. And not stopping until knowing exactly what they wanted. He had mentioned about visiting the house of a particular user who single handedly gave them the entire roadmap for the next few months. I stood in complete disbelief as the words started coming true in front of my eyes. We not only got a detailed roadmap for the next 2 hours. But thanks to her, we capitalized on this new found consumer insight of the festival on that particular Saturday. This turned our next 2 hours into absolute craziness.
The rocket ship 🚀
We immediately diversified our categories to both ghee and diyas. In light of the new information about the festival, our core insight of people needing ghee became sharper. We took a step further and experimented with a hypothesis that a fully ready to light diya might sell more. And it did! Hence, we quickly shut down our original offerings of direct raw materials and focused on a packaged diya (bundled with a matchbox). My third partner S negotiated with a woman selling prayer material in a nearby stall to become our supplier (purely on credit and good faith).
As our consumer demand shot up, we soon ran out of ghee and credit. With S stuck trying to fulfill the remaining materials, I had to run barefoot to the nearest ATM to withdraw cash and replenish ghee from the nearby store. Running barefoot against the cold wind for approx 500m as people stared at me has made it to the bucket list of all the crazy stuff I have ever done! 😀
The Holy Grail of napkins
I kept interviewing customers in parallel to figure out insights that not only solved further pain points, but in turn also impacted conversion metrics and ultimately business metrics (gross margins and revenues). And quickly realized that we were dealing with multiple cohorts, divergent opinions, and a lack of ability to experiment with a small data set. While we collected sufficient ideas to form N number of hypotheses, we decided to regroup and revisit the consumer journey to prioritize the same.
This customer-centric mindset helped us nail superior profits in the closing hours of our experiment. We scooped up an idea from a particular user about requiring paper napkins to clean their hands after using diyas. As we turned something as simple as paper napkins into premium pricing for our product, we noticed a lift in our user base, and minted even more profits.
The right ingredients in the right amount = the right team
Having worked with diverse stakeholders, I have been a strong believer in teams, with whom I have shared both crests and troughs while working towards outcomes. This experiment brought alive the power of the right team.
Then after a few reps, it just feels organic and comforting to know you can run fast together, because when one falls off the path, the other will catch us. Once we embrace we are flawed collaborators together, it means we can make *more mistakes* to learn and iterate faster.
— Jeff Weinstein (@jeff_weinstein) December 8, 2019
E came up with the idea, S negotiated and ran the supply chain like a slick operations guy. While I did whatever it took to ship the product & run the business. I helped build the right product (as we moved from raw materials to bundling fully packed diyas with matchboxes), helped create the messaging, helped sell the product, helped interview the users for insights, fulfilled the supply chain, tracked margins, and ran barefoot to finance the supply chain (when we got sucked into a large vacuum of opportunity).
Zero to One
As we experimented and iterated quickly, we not only went from zero to one, but ended up making a small yet neat profit from the measly amount we had invested. I am not sure if our success was correlated with being at the right place at the right time. It could have very easily turned into a miserable story if we had not failed with our earlier idea, if we had not ended up wandering near the temple, if E had not picked our brains on an absolutely insane idea, and so on and so forth.
An equation of variables – hard work, crazy boldness, humbleness, ethics, healthy skepticism, and undying optimism (weighted with the right amount of aggression and the right amount of luck) lead us to something truly potent. Along with some of the most exhilarating hours of my life, as the experience brought alive the Brian Chesky moment for me and my team respectively.